Konfigurasi Network Routing RIP (Simulasi Packet Tracer)

Konfigurasi Network Routing RIP (Simulasi Packet Tracer)


 

Ok… kali ini saya bahas mengenai RIP ( Routing Information Protocol) pada router Cisco. Langsung bahas percobaannya saja… teorinya belakangan. Saya ambil contoh kembali network sebelumnya, yang menggunakan static routing. Static routingnya diganti dengan RIP, sehingga nanti akan lebih mudah untuk melihat perbedaannya.

ROUTER JKT ROUTER-SBY ROUTER MTR ROUTER-MLK
Fa 0/0 10.10.11.1/24 10.10.22.1/24 10.10.33.1/24 10.10.55.1/24
Fa 1/0 10.10.44.1/24
Comp User Dhcp Dhcp Dhcp Dhcp
Fa 4/0 192.168.1.1/30 192.168.1.2/30 192.168.3.1/30 192.168.3.2/30
Fa 5/0 192.168.2.1/30 192.168.2.2/30

Untok konfigurasi interface dan DHCP, pada routernya, saya rasa sudah dicontohkan dan dijelaskan pada posting sebelumnya tentang static routing. Jadi bisa dilihat sendiri pada postingan sebelumnya, dan tidak perlu saya bahas lagi disini. Langsung saja pada bagian konfigurasi RIP nya.

 

ROUTER-JKT.

ROUTER-JKT>en

ROUTER-JKT#config ter

Enter configuration commands, one per line.  End with CNTL/Z.

ROUTER-JKT(config)#router rip

ROUTER-JKT(config-router)#version 2

ROUTER-JKT(config-router)#network 192.168.1.0

ROUTER-JKT(config-router)#redistribute connected

ROUTER-JKT(config-router)#no auto-summary

ROUTER-SBY

ROUTER-SBY>en

ROUTER-SBY#config ter

Enter configuration commands, one per line.  End with CNTL/Z.

ROUTER-SBY(config)#router rip

ROUTER-SBY(config-router)#version 2

ROUTER-SBY(config-router)#network 192.168.1.0

ROUTER-SBY(config-router)#network 192.168.2.0

ROUTER-SBY(config-router)#redistribute connected

ROUTER-SBY(config-router)#no auto-summary

ROUTER-SBY(config-router)#do wr

Building configuration…

[OK]

ROUTER-MTR

ROUTER-MTR>EN

ROUTER-MTR#config ter

Enter configuration commands, one per line.  End with CNTL/Z.

ROUTER-MTR(config)#router rip

ROUTER-MTR(config-router)#version 2

ROUTER-MTR(config-router)#network 192.168.3.0

ROUTER-MTR(config-router)#network 192.168.2.0

ROUTER-MTR(config-router)#redistribute connected

ROUTER-MTR(config-router)#no auto-summary

ROUTER-MTR(config-router)#do wr

Building configuration…

[OK]

ROUTER-MLK

ROUTER-MLK>en

ROUTER-MLK#config ter

Enter configuration commands, one per line.  End with CNTL/Z.

ROUTER-MLK(config)#router rip

ROUTER-MLK(config-router)#version 2

ROUTER-MLK(config-router)#network 192.168.3.0

ROUTER-MLK(config-router)#redistribute connected

ROUTER-MLK(config-router)#no auto-summary

Sehingga secara keseluruhan, konfigurasinya adalah :

ROUTER-JKT

ROUTER-JKT#sh run

Building configuration…

Current configuration : 931 bytes

!

version 12.2

no service timestamps log datetime msec

no service timestamps debug datetime msec

no service password-encryption

!

hostname ROUTER-JKT

!

!

!

ip dhcp pool lanjkt

 network 10.10.11.0 255.255.255.0

 default-router 10.10.11.1

 dns-server 10.10.11.1

!

!

!

!

!

interface FastEthernet0/0

 description LAN JAKARTA

 ip address 10.10.11.1 255.255.255.0

 duplex auto

 speed auto

!

interface FastEthernet1/0

 no ip address

 duplex auto

 speed auto

 shutdown

!

interface Serial2/0

 no ip address

 clock rate 2000000

 shutdown

!

interface Serial3/0

 no ip address

 clock rate 2000000

 shutdown

!

interface FastEthernet4/0

 description WAN JAKARTA TO SURABAYA

 ip address 192.168.1.1 255.255.255.252

!

interface FastEthernet5/0

 no ip address

 shutdown

!

router rip

 version 2

 redistribute connected

 network 192.168.1.0

 no auto-summary

!

ip classless

!

!

!

line con 0

line vty 0 4

 login

!

!

!

end

ROUTER-SBY

ROUTER-SBY#sh run

Building configuration…

Current configuration : 986 bytes

!

version 12.2

no service timestamps log datetime msec

no service timestamps debug datetime msec

no service password-encryption

!

hostname ROUTER-SBY

!

!

!

!

!

ip dhcp pool LAN-SURABAYA

 network 10.10.22.0 255.255.255.0

 default-router 10.10.22.1

 dns-server 10.10.22.1

!

!

!

!

interface FastEthernet0/0

 description LAN SURABAYA

 ip address 10.10.22.1 255.255.255.0

 duplex auto

 speed auto

!

interface FastEthernet1/0

 no ip address

 duplex auto

 speed auto

 shutdown

!

interface Serial2/0

 no ip address

 clock rate 2000000

 shutdown

!

interface Serial3/0

 no ip address

 clock rate 2000000

 shutdown

!

interface FastEthernet4/0

 description WAN SURABAYA TO JAKARTA

 ip address 192.168.1.2 255.255.255.252

!

interface FastEthernet5/0

 description WAN SURABAYA TO MATARAM

 ip address 192.168.2.1 255.255.255.252

!

router rip

 version 2

 network 192.168.1.0

 network 192.168.2.0

 no auto-summary

!

ip classless

!

!

!

line con 0

line vty 0 4

 login

!

!

!

end

ROUTER-MTR

ROUTER-MTR#sh run

Building configuration…

Current configuration : 1148 bytes

!

version 12.2

no service timestamps log datetime msec

no service timestamps debug datetime msec

no service password-encryption

!

hostname ROUTER-MTR

!

!

!

!

!

ip dhcp pool lanmtr1

 network 10.10.33.0 255.255.255.0

 default-router 10.10.33.1

 dns-server 10.10.33.1

ip dhcp pool lanmtr2

 network 10.10.44.0 255.255.255.0

 default-router 10.10.44.1

 dns-server 10.10.44.1

!

!

!

!

interface FastEthernet0/0

 description LAN MATARAM 1

 ip address 10.10.33.1 255.255.255.0

 duplex auto

 speed auto

!

interface FastEthernet1/0

 description LAN MATARAM 2

 ip address 10.10.44.1 255.255.255.0

 duplex auto

 speed auto

!

interface Serial2/0

 no ip address

 clock rate 2000000

 shutdown

!

interface Serial3/0

 no ip address

 clock rate 2000000

 shutdown

!

interface FastEthernet4/0

 description WAN MATARAM TO MALUK

 ip address 192.168.3.1 255.255.255.252

!

interface FastEthernet5/0

 description WAN MATARAM TO SURABAYA

 ip address 192.168.2.2 255.255.255.252

!

router rip

 version 2

 redistribute connected

 network 192.168.2.0

 network 192.168.3.0

 no auto-summary

!

ip classless

!

!

!

!

!

!

!

line con 0

line vty 0 4

 login

!

!

!

end

ROUTER-MLK

ROUTER-MLK#sh run

Building configuration…

Current configuration : 929 bytes

!

version 12.2

no service timestamps log datetime msec

no service timestamps debug datetime msec

no service password-encryption

!

hostname ROUTER-MLK

!

!

!

!

!

ip dhcp pool Lan-Maluk

 network 10.10.55.0 255.255.255.0

 default-router 10.10.55.1

 dns-server 10.10.55.1

!

!

!

!

!

interface FastEthernet0/0

 description LAN MALUK

 ip address 10.10.55.1 255.255.255.0

 duplex auto

 speed auto

!

interface FastEthernet1/0

 no ip address

 duplex auto

 speed auto

 shutdown

!

interface Serial2/0

 no ip address

 clock rate 2000000

 shutdown

!

interface Serial3/0

 no ip address

 clock rate 2000000

 shutdown

!

interface FastEthernet4/0

 description WAN MALUK TO MATARAM

 ip address 192.168.3.2 255.255.255.252

!

interface FastEthernet5/0

 no ip address

 shutdown

!

router rip

 version 2

 redistribute connected

 network 192.168.3.0

 no auto-summary

!

ip classless

!

!

!

!

!

!

!

line con 0

line vty 0 4

 login

!

!

!

end

Sedikit penjelasan tentang command konfigurasi RIP.

  • router rip, mulai mengkonfigurasi routing RIP.
  • version 2. Versi RIP yang baru. Biasanya versi baru kan harus lebih baik dari versi sebelumnya.
  • network 192.168.1.0. Ingat yang dimasukkan adalah Network ID dari IP address si router yang terkoneksi dengan router lain yang akan menggunakan routing RIP.
  • redistribute connected, Command ini ditambahkan karena ada beberapa IP address yang terkoneksi langsung dengan router, yang tidak menggunakan routing RIP. Contohnya seperti IP address dari user/computer yang langsung terhubung ke router
  • no auto-summary, list / table routingnya akan dibuat terperinci, tidak dibuat secara umum. Lihat perbedaan antara “auto-summary” dengan “no auto-summary” dengan mengunakan perintah “sh ip route”.

Berikut contoh hasil “sh ip route” jika command auto-summary digunakan pada routing rip.

#sh ip route

Codes: C – connected, S – static, I – IGRP, R – RIP, M – mobile, B – BGP

       D – EIGRP, EX – EIGRP external, O – OSPF, IA – OSPF inter area

       N1 – OSPF NSSA external type 1, N2 – OSPF NSSA external type 2

       E1 – OSPF external type 1, E2 – OSPF external type 2, E – EGP

       i – IS-IS, L1 – IS-IS level-1, L2 – IS-IS level-2, ia – IS-IS inter area

       * – candidate default, U – per-user static route, o – ODR

       P – periodic downloaded static route

Gateway of last resort is not set

     10.0.0.0/8 is variably subnetted, 2 subnets, 2 masks

R       10.0.0.0/8 [120/1] via 192.168.1.1, 00:00:04, FastEthernet4/0

C       10.10.22.0/24 is directly connected, FastEthernet0/0

     192.168.1.0/30 is subnetted, 1 subnets

C       192.168.1.0 is directly connected, FastEthernet4/0

     192.168.2.0/30 is subnetted, 1 subnets

C       192.168.2.0 is directly connected, FastEthernet5/0

     192.168.3.0/24 is variably subnetted, 2 subnets, 2 masks

R       192.168.3.0/24 [120/1] via 192.168.2.2, 00:00:11, FastEthernet5/0

R       192.168.3.0/30 [120/2] via 192.168.2.2, 00:00:11, FastEthernet5/0

Pastinya router akan bingung, untuk mengirimkan packet kemana, karena semua komputer pada contoh di atas menggunakan segmen IP class A, 10.0.0.0. dan pada table routing di atas hanya ada 10.0.0.0/8 via 192.168.1.1.
Berikutnya, di bawah ini hasil sh ip route, jika menggunakan command “no auto-summary”.

ROUTER-SBY#sh ip route

Codes: C – connected, S – static, I – IGRP, R – RIP, M – mobile, B – BGP

       D – EIGRP, EX – EIGRP external, O – OSPF, IA – OSPF inter area

       N1 – OSPF NSSA external type 1, N2 – OSPF NSSA external type 2

       E1 – OSPF external type 1, E2 – OSPF external type 2, E – EGP

       i – IS-IS, L1 – IS-IS level-1, L2 – IS-IS level-2, ia – IS-IS inter area

       * – candidate default, U – per-user static route, o – ODR

       P – periodic downloaded static route

Gateway of last resort is not set

     10.0.0.0/24 is subnetted, 5 subnets

R       10.10.11.0 [120/1] via 192.168.1.1, 00:00:16, FastEthernet4/0

C       10.10.22.0 is directly connected, FastEthernet0/0

R       10.10.33.0 [120/1] via 192.168.2.2, 00:00:18, FastEthernet5/0

R       10.10.44.0 [120/1] via 192.168.2.2, 00:00:18, FastEthernet5/0

R       10.10.55.0 [120/2] via 192.168.2.2, 00:00:18, FastEthernet5/0

     192.168.1.0/30 is subnetted, 1 subnets

C       192.168.1.0 is directly connected, FastEthernet4/0

     192.168.2.0/30 is subnetted, 1 subnets

C       192.168.2.0 is directly connected, FastEthernet5/0

     192.168.3.0/30 is subnetted, 1 subnets

R       192.168.3.0 [120/1] via 192.168.2.2, 00:00:18, FastEthernet5/0

Terlihat jelaskan perbedaanya ? Jadi itulah kegunaan dari “no auto-summary”, akan dibuat table routing terperinci. Ok. Saatnya untuk mencoba, test ping dari salah satu komputer.

Sumber : http://myconfigure.blogspot.co.id/2013/11/konfigurasi-network-routing-rip.html

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